State and explain the atheist’s argument from evil for the nonexistence of God.

State and explain the atheist’s argument from evil for the nonexistence of God.

State and explain the atheist’s argument from evil for the nonexistence of God.

Topic One. Can the free will defense solve the problem of evil?

(i) State and explain the atheist’s argument from evil for the nonexistence of God.

(ii) Define and explain the concept of compatibilism as discussed by Stace (and any other concept essential to understanding Stace’s view)

(iii) IF Stace is correct about compatibilism being true, can God make a world in which freewill exists and there is no evil? Explain your answer and its relevance to the atheist’s argument.

(iv) Explain the point, and relevance to the debate, of the following quote from J.L. Mackie: “If there is no logical impossibility in a man’s freely choosing the good on one, or on several occasions, then there cannot be a logical impossibility in his freely choosing the good on every occasion.”

Topic Two. Can we be responsible for our actions?

[i] State and explain Strawson’s argument for the non-existence of morally responsible action.

[ii] State and explain the luck argument for the incompatibility of free will with indeterminism (i.e. what is the argument for saying that freewill is incompatible with the falsity of determinism?)

[iii] State and explain Kane’s concept of a self-forming action.

[iv]  (a) Does Kane’s offer a good response to Strawson’s argument? (b) Does Kane’s view offer a good response to the luck argument? Discuss.

Topic Three. What is Personal Identity?

[i] State and explain Locke’s argument that we are not substances or mere souls

[ii] State and explain Locke’s concept of personal identity and its relation to what he calls self, consciousness and punishment.

[iii] State and explain Reid’s criticism of Locke’s theory of personal identity

[iv] Is Reid’s objection a good one? Discuss.

 

Solution preview

There exists a raging debate which dwells on free will and determinism. In this context, one question emerges, is the existence of moral responsibility possible. According to Strawson, one of the most revered philosopher, the answer is no (Strawson, 1994). In his theory about moral responsibility, he associates the latter with the application of reactive attitudes…………………………

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