Citing diverse sources that state HIV/AIDS is a worldwide health problem that affected over 36.7 million people

Citing diverse sources that state HIV/AIDS is a worldwide health problem that affected over 36.7 million people

Citing diverse sources that state HIV/AIDS is a worldwide health problem that affected over 36.7 million people

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS
Stanhope (2020), citing diverse sources that state HIV/AIDS is a worldwide health problem that affected over 36.7 million people, of which Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for more than half of all HIV infections, and women are at the highest risk for infection. Besides, the risk of infection is increased when there is infection with STIs like gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia infection. (Stanhope, & Lancaster, 2020). HIV is mainly transmitted through unprotected sexual contact with an infected person and transmitted through contact with infected blood, transplacental or during breastfeeding from mother to child, exposure to infected body fluid, and sharing or reuse of needle. HIV transmission and progression of the disease ould be prevented. (Stanhope, & Lancaster, 2020). For example, some of the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies include abstinence from having sex before marriage for young adults and school children, avoid risky sexual behavior and consistent and appropriate use of a condom, administration of prophylaxis medication after exposure to body fluid for health professionals, abstinence or adherence to HARRT therapy once infected, and screening and treatment to prevent mother to child transmission. (Stanhope, & Lancaster, 2020, P.334)

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Citing diverse sources that state HIV/AIDS is a worldwide health problem that affected over 36.7 million people

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